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Marine Protected Areas
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Introduction
Societies across the Pacific have been setting aside ‘closed’ areas of reefs for centuries. Marine protected areas (MPAs) similar to those traditional techniques are now gaining popularity for their success in protecting sensitive, valuable, or recovering areas of coral reef systems and limiting the impact of users. Some MPAs are strictly ‘no-take’ reserves established for conservation of fish, marine mammals, and birds, while others are designed to balance resource extraction with conservation. MPAs are one of many tools for managing a coastal area.
Buoy marking the boundary of the Hikkaduwa Marine Reserve. Location: Hikkaduwa, Sri Lanka Photo by: A. Rajasuriya (from ReefBase: http://www.reefbase.org)
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