View site #952 > ScoreCard for survey #1 > Issue
Introduction | Identification | Impacts | Causes | Actions | More Info
There are several actions that any individual can do to help decrease boating impacts on coral reefs. These include:
Have anchoring chain and line that is adequate for the water depth.
Use the appropriate type of anchor for the vessel and for the type of seafloor into which it is set.
Anchor in areas of sand, away from reefs and coral.
When hauling in an anchor, motor in its direction to avoid dragging it over coral.
Raise awareness of the damage caused by anchors. Though residents may be well aware of the impacts anchors have on corals, visitors and tourists may not be as informed. Posters and brochures containing photographs of scars and gouges caused by anchors may be an effective way of educating the public.
Install and and maintain moorings. In many areas of the world, dive operations ‘adopt’ mooring and take on the responsibility for their installation and maintenance.
Identify and report to local officials where you have observed vessel groundings, spills of contaminants and anchor damage.
Install moorings. Work with stakeholders to identify where moorings should be placed to reduce conflicts and vandalism.
Establish no-anchoring zones to protect vulnerable habitats.
Establish on-shore sites where boat and ship wastes can be disposed of safely.
Document the location and extent of damage caused by vessels and their anchors, identify who is responsible, and make sure they are aware of what they have done and of the penalty.
Encourage all vessels to use mooring buoys when possible.
Close areas damaged by vessels to allow time for the reef to recover, or establish the damaged area as a site where anchoring is to occur and protect undamaged reef areas.
Implement coral restoration programs to clean and rebuild damaged areas with transplanted coral and/or appropriate stable structures on which new coral will establish..
Enforce penalties for discharging wastes in reef waters.
Prepare and distribute maps that clearly show the location of reefs and areas safe for vessels.
Impose fines on boat owners for groundings that will pay the cost for restoration measures. See “Boating tips” at the Florida Keys National Marine Sanctuary website at: http://www.fknms.nos.noaa.gov/boatingtips.html for ideas on how to institute fines and other regulations.
|Ship stranded on reef.
Location: Tubbataha, Philippines
Photo by: Eric T.J.T. Kwint
(from ReefBase: http://www.reefbase.org)|