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Introduction | Identification | Impacts | Causes | Actions | More Info
|Why does reclamation occur?|
Reclamation occurs because coastal areas are in ever-increasing demand but ever-decreasing supply. To increase the supply of land, it is often cheaper or the only option to fill an area to make way for housing, hotels or industrial facilities. Sometimes, especially on small mountainous islands, there is not enough flat land for airport runways. Reclamation offers small islands, or areas with rapidly increasing populations, a chance to grow and keep up with the demand for space and services. One such example is in the coastal cities of the South China Sea, where there has been a large increase in land reclamation due to the increased migration of people to the coast (Hotta and Dutton, 1995). In Latin America, reclamation is often seen as the only way to "order"a poor area and a boulevard and walkway may be added to increase public access.
Reclamation is often linked to other issues that affect the health of local reefs.